Advanced Cancer Treatments

Advancements in cancer treatments and therapies include the following:

Approach #1: Immunotherapy:

Immunotherapy is one of the most promising therapeutic approaches that specifically target tumor cells. The two main approaches are adoptive (passive) and active immunotherapy. In adoptive immunotherapy, activated immune cells or antibodies specific to tumors are injected into the patient. With active immunotherapy, tumorspecific components are injected into the patient with the intent of boosting the patient’s native immune response, much like seasonal flu shots.

Approach #2: Combined Chemo/Immunotherapy:

The combination of chemotherapy and immunotherapy can lead to synergistic effects. The greatest success of chemo-immunotherapy is its ability to produce durable complete remissions in 10% of the patients.

Approach #3: Vector Delivery:

This approach uses inactivated viruses to deliver chemotherapeutic agents to the tumor cells. Studies are reporting significant increases in overall survival.

Approach #4: Targeting of Tumor-Specific Oncogenes:

Recently, international research on cancer  has shown significant differences in the molecular signatures that exist between  patients with the same type of cancer, with long-term survival for patients that happen to receive treatments optimized to their molecular signature.

Currently, targeted approaches provide many opportunities to target specific genetic variations at various stages of disease progression. Since these drugs are designed to target cancer cells showing  specific mutations, they have less side effects and significantly improved patient response rates.